The most popular options for planned birth control are the pill and the ‘Copper T’ in India. Both of these are excellent choices for some women and not so good choices for another set of women. Read below make a choice suited for you!
The most important aspect of birth control is indeed family planning, that is, for how long do you want contraception: for a few months or for many years
Contraception choices that a woman would like to make also depend on her age, physical status, marriage status, habits such as smoking etc.
Another important aspect is the convenience of the birth control method. This includes: how it has to be used and what side effects can it have? Some methods have to be used every day, some monthly or quarterly and some can be left in place for a few years. Also, some can cause issues such as mild weight gain, mood changes etc. which you might be very sensitive towards.
In India context, secrecy of the method is important, with often, other people controlling or at least unduly influencing women’s choices in family planning or birth control
Different types of birth control include medicines, devices, and procedures. Some types of birth control are used by women, and others are used by men. Some types need to be used every time a person has sex. Other types can prevent pregnancy for long periods of time
Four broad categories exist:
However, The OCP also has benefits other than contraception. It helps in lessening cramps during periods and makes them regular. Also, the blood loss is less so chances of iron deficiency anemia are less. It also leads to less incidence of acne, cancer of the uterus and ovaries.
Most effective – Long-Acting Reversible Contraception (LARC: IUCD and under skin implants) are most effective
Effective – Hormonal contraceptives are very effective if used perfectly, but women often make mistakes in their use. It is important to start them on time each cycle and use them consistently. and know what to do if some dosage are missed. Injections have the highest effectiveness in this tier, better than pills, vaginal rings and skin patches
Least effective – Other methods of contraception, including natural methods such as using the ‘safe period’ withdrawal etc. and barrier methods such as male and female condoms are associated with higher pregnancy rates in real life. This is because often their use is far from perfect!