Nearly all of us in today’s world have heard these terms as heart attack is one of the most dreaded killers of our age. But what these individual terms mean, what leads to what and how is managing your lifestyle going to help? Read below to understand these terms and their interrelations fully
Ischemic Heart Disease or Coronary Heart Disease (IHD or CHD) is part of a spectrum of diseases, called AtheroSclerotic CardioVascular Diseases (ASCVD). ASCVD affects the heart and blood vessels, especially arteries and leads to ‘clogging of arteries’. Read below a more detailed description:
We know that the blood that runs continuously in our body is pumped by heart and purified or oxygenated by our lungs.
Arteries and veins are the two types of big blood vessels in our body. Pure or oxygenated blood flows in arteries and deoxygenated blood produced by our organs is taken up and taken back to heart and then lungs by veins. Between arteries and veins there are smaller vessels called arterioles, venules etc. which are like small tributaries to these rivers. Our blood carries the glucose, cholesterol, amino acids and fatty acids derived from food that we eat
Atherosclerosis also commonly affects arteries supplying the brain, kidneys and legs. All in all, a love of vital organs this condition has !
Heart attack: The pain in heart attack is similar to angina, but it lasts longer and your doctor will confirm it with tests (ECG and enzyme assays). Any angina or angina equivalent symptoms which occur suddenly in a person with high risk of heart attack, is to be treated as a potential heart attack, it is best to seek medical care!
TIA (Transient Ischemic Attack): It means that the blood supply to the brain is compromised for some time but recovers within 24 hours; usually the time to recovery is just a few minutes. The symptoms could include any of the following:
Stroke: It is an emergency in which there is prolonged compromise to blood supply of the brain. The symptoms are similar to those of TIA, but last longer. Any TIA attack is best treated as a stroke and you must seek medical care urgently
It means that the blood supply to the peripheral arteries (those of limbs, especially legs) is compromised. The symptoms could include:
High blood pressure and diabetes are both common causes of chronic kidney disease, which remains silent for a long time and when signs and symptoms occur they are in the form of
Being proactive for heart health
While it is good to know about the symptoms of heart disease, so that you reach out for medical care early, by that time, the disease is well established and has already cause a lot of damage. It is best if one focuses on the risk factors for CVD/ heart disease and keeps them under control, so that the disease never develops or it controlled early
Another important way to manage your risk is to get routine health check up done AND analyzed for heart health and overall wellbeing. Check out FHI Health checklist for adults and FHI health check analysis
CHECK OUT: Our references for recommendation in heart risk management