No other food related term can compete with the notoriety associated with ‘cholesterol’, right? We have all heard of ‘good’ and ‘bad’ cholesterol and have come across claims of various food product companies claiming ‘zero cholesterol’ in their products. But, what exactly is cholesterol and what harm does it do?
Cholesterol is a waxy substance found in the walls of cells in all parts of the body, from the nervous system to the liver to the heart. The body uses cholesterol to make hormones, bile acids, vitamin D, and other substances.
Two main kinds of lipoproteins carry cholesterol in the blood:
If there is too much cholesterol in the blood, some of the excess can become trapped in artery walls. Over time, this builds up and is called plaque. The plaque can narrow vessels and make them less flexible, a condition called atherosclerosis or “hardening of the arteries” and thus the blood supply to organs supplied by narrowed artery becomes compromised causing CVD and its complications
There are no ‘high cholesterol symptoms’. High cholesterol combined with other heart risk factors leads to CVD, which can lead to heart attack or stroke eventually
Factors that you cannot change include:
Factors you can control include:
Also, studies have established for overall heart health Trans fats are even more harmful than saturated fats and therefore you should replace ghee with vanaspati or butter with table margarine in your diet, rather should switch to vegetable oils all of which have zero cholesterol and most have low saturated fats (except coconut and palm oil)
The impact of Triglycerides (TGs) on raising blood cholesterol has brought a vigorous focus to limiting simple carbohydrates such as sugary drinks and snacks, syrups, honey, milled rice and maida (de husked wheat flour) containing food
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CHECK OUT: Our references for recommendation in heart risk management